EU internal framework & EU homeland security

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FOCUS five Big Themes

This theme addresses the EU internal legal and organizational structures for roles of the Union as a comprehensive security provider, in a context characterized by the blurring of internal and external security, and to some extent between security and safety. The evolution of the EU’s internal structure will be driven both by external challenges and threats and by internal pressures to forge collective policies in order to maintain institutional coherence as well as deliver effective, consistent responses to major external challenges.

Some of the EU’s current vulnerabilities result from the fact that European strategies do not always take into account the resources required for their effective implementation and do not fully consider appropriate management structures needed to effectuate awareness and increase resilience. Given the experience of several crises of different types in recent years, it appears likely that the EU internal framework is going to change further, with an emphasis on institutional qualities and European capabilities to provide comprehensive support to the European citizens in times of crisis.

While Member States agreed to introduce the concept of the security of the Union as a whole into the Lisbon Treaty, both the political and the public sector considerably vary across countries in their perceptions and concepts of security. Therefore, the concept of security in the EU so far has been the resultant of Union-level initiatives and national repertories of action. Member States continue to rest on different symbols of what they value and need to safeguard. They exhibit different public and citizen security cultures, leading to nationally informed priorities.

Divergences of such kind notwithstanding, the future concept of security as well as of security research can be expected to be informed by the European Security Model as outlined in the EU Internal Security Strategy. This model includes addressing the causes of insecurity and not just its effects, with priorities on prevention across sectors (political, economic, social, etc.). There is some conceptual convergence towards a concept of security in terms of safeguarding commonly acquired values. While this can be traced back to classical approaches from the Cold-War era, an important new component that the EU has added to this concept and which may become still more relevant in the future is that the implementation of security in terms of safeguarding commonly acquired values should itself be guided by those values.

Challenges for security research#

Comprehensive Security Policy (CSDP) and Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) need comprehensive addressing both by research and policy. With dividing lines between internal and external security continuing to fade, we can expect considerable challenges for those in charge of designing security policy and security research. This includes scenarios for possible forms of cooperation to be developed and topics to be jointly covered by internal and external security actors.

Related new tracks of security research could also comprise the need for the EU to support Member States in times of crisis, including for example possible increased roles of dual-use capabilities in home affairs. Another aspect is to identify most important research gaps and needs for the further implementation of EU security strategies. The role of the internet, in particular of the new social media such as Facebook, is a further relevant aspect that follows the need for differentiated analyses of such as emergence of networks-combining factions, future strategies and technologies to interfere with riot communication, future police capabilities, and oversight mechanisms.

The European Commission’s proposal for “Horizon 2020”, the successor of the 7th Framework Programme, sees future security research mainly in the proposed activity area of “Inclusive, Innovative and Secure Societies” to meet complex, interacting challenges in a pioneering way. Future security research missions could thus also include the consolidation of the internal framework of the European Union itself.

Top-3 challenges as identified in FOCUS horizon scanning#

  • Protection of citizen and human rights and freedoms on the EU level in the process of increasing the EU’s civil security posture
  • Reinforcement of EU-level agencies, institutions and bodies
  • Comprehensive model of information exchange within the EU

Full problem space report#

Deliverable 7.1

Related scenarios#

Reference scenario#

Scenarios for "EU 2035" roles and futuristic missions #

Scenarios for "Security Research 2035"#

Expected key technologies in the scenario space of this Big Theme#

  • Cyber intelligence web technologies
  • Space technologies

Requirements for IT-based knowledge management in the scenario space#

  • Knowledge management and knowledge integration, in particular including information/results from use of new forecast technologies
  • Structured exchange of information for inter-agency collaboration
  • Crowdsourcing of technology opportunities/possibilities vs. citizens’ needs
  • Platform for crisis communication
  • Platform for education and training of decision-makers and first responders

Common analytical framework matrix (CAFM)#

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