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Treaty on European Union

Effective since the entry into force of its first (Maastricht) version in 1993, the Treaty on European Union (also known as the Maastricht Treaty or the TEU) extended the EU mandate on new policy areas, especially to the field of security and justice. The treaty established the three-pillar governance structure of the EU comprising the European Community (EC) pillar, the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) pillar, and the Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) pillar. The TEU is one of the two treaties together with the Treaty on Functioning of the European Union that set the constitutional basis for the EU, including the introduction of citizenship of the European Union.


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