Preparedness is a step in the crisis management cycle. It refers to "(t)he knowledge and capacities developed by governments, professional response and recovery organizations, communities and individuals to effectively anticipate, respond to, and recover from, the impacts of likely, imminent or current hazard events or conditions."
European Commission: Disaster Preparedness and Prevention (DPP): State of play and strategic orientations for EC policy. Working Paper. General policy affairs; relations with European institutions, partners and other donors; planning coordination and support; general support for major crises (ECHO 4). Brussels: Humanitarian Aid Office (ECHO), undated.