Homeland security is a term originating in the U.S. in the wake of September 11th, 2001. It encompasses the combined efforts of government agencies, non-government organizations, and the private sector to protect a nation-state, either offensively or defensively, against violent attacks. If attempts at protection fail, homeland security then focuses on the management of and the response to such attacks. The term is increasingly used in other countries, e.g. Israel.
Conceptually, the EU discusses the respective issues under the term of “societal security”.
- Faber, P.: Homeland Security: General Templates and Options for the Future, in: Information & Security: An International Journal, vol. 17 (2005): 9-22.
- Cross, M.K.D.: An EU Homeland Security? Sovereignty vs. Supranational Order, in: European Security, vol. 6, no. 1 (2007): 79-97.