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European Union Security Strategy
The European Union Security Strategy or European Security Strategy (ESS) represents overall EU security policy directed at the international level and identifying threats for the EU, defining strategic objectives to counter them, and describing political implications of the Union's security efforts. It was published in 2003 and revised in 2008.
- Biscop, S. & J.Coelmont: Europe Deploys towards a Civil-Military Strategy for CSDP. Egmont Paper, no. 49 (2011).
- European Council: A Secure Europe in a Better World - The European Security Strategy. Brussels, 12 December 2003.
- European Council: Report on the Implementation of the European Security Strategy - Providing Security in a Changing World. Brussels, 11 December 2008.
- Vasconcelos, Á. de (ed.): What Ambitions for European Defence in 2020? 2nd ed. Paris: European Union Institute for Security Studies, 2009.