“‘Dual-use items’ shall mean items, including software and technology, which can be used for both civil and military purposes, and shall include all goods which can be used for both nonexplosive uses and assisting in any way in the manufacture of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices” (Council Regulation (EC) No 1334/2000, Article 2a). The dual-use term originally arose in the single European Market for export control purposes and was later adopted to security policies.


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