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A disaster is:
- A "serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society causing widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses that exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources. A disaster is a function of the risk process. It results from the combination of hazards, conditions of vulnerability and insufficient capacity or measures to reduce the potential negative consequences of risk".
- "Any occurrence that causes damage, ecological disruption, loss of human life or deterioration of health and health services on a scale sufficient to warrant an extraordinary response from outside the affected community or area”.
- Baker, G.W. & Chapman, D.W. (eds.): Man and Society in Disaster. New York, 1962.
- Disasters. Journal of Disaster Studies, Policy and Management.
- World Health Organization (WHO): Risk reduction and emergency preparedness. WHO six-year strategy for the health sector and community capacity development. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2007.
- EM-DAT: the International Disaster Database
- Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System
- United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction